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Nitra Castle stands on the site of an old high-altitude Slavic fortified settlement, originally surrounded by a meandering riverbed of the Nitra River. The first written mention of the fortified settlement dates from 871. It mentions the construction activities of Prince Pribin and the consecration of his church in Nitra in 828. During the period of Great Moravia, Prince Svätopluk stayed in Nitra. Nitra is also mentioned in connection with the work of Saints Cyril and Methodius. From 880 there was the center of the newly established Diocese of Nitra.

Nitra castle

Nitra Castle stands on the site of an old high-altitude Slavic fortified settlement, originally surrounded by a meandering riverbed of the Nitra River. The first written mention of the fortified settlement dates from 871. It mentions the construction activities of Prince Pribin and the consecration of his church in Nitra in 828. During the period of Great Moravia, Prince Svätopluk stayed in Nitra. Nitra is also mentioned in connection with the work of Saints Cyril and Methodius. From 880 there was the center of the newly established Diocese of Nitra.

After the fall of Great Moravia at the beginning of the 10th century, the castle was temporarily disabled. The princely family of the Arpád family incorporated it into the territorial administrative organization of the nascent Hungarian state. From the 70s of the 10th century, this place was the seat of the Duchy. The sacral architecture is being restored, the castle has also become the center of the royal council - the county.

At the beginning of the 12th century, there were again reports of the Nitra diocese, which persisted in the Great Moravian tradition. At that time, the castle had an area of almost 8.5 hectares, was one of the largest in medieval Hungary. This place served not only the needs of secular power, the castle garrison, but also the Nitra Chapter of the canons and the bishops of Nitra, who also held the office of the mayor of Nitra. In times of military threat, residents from a wide area also found refuge here. The largest stone building was the Episcopal Cathedral of St. Emerám, Andrej-Svorad and Beňadik, which is also mentioned in Mauro's legend from 1064 - 1070 as the place where the remains of St. Andreja-Svorad and Beňadik. We assume that a stone building of the Romanesque bishop's palace was built on the site of the current bishop's palace in the 12th century, and the bathrobes of Nitra must have had an adequate residence here. There were also warehouses for storing supplies. Already in this period, it is also possible to consider the beginnings of the construction of wine cellars, in which episcopal and chapter wine made in Nitra and its surroundings were stored.

In the years 1241 and 1242, Nitra Castle resisted the Tartar invasion, for which King Belo IV. in 1248 he granted the castle privileges. This created a self-governing city community headed by a mayor and a city council. In 1273, the castle was burned down together with the town, and a number of valuables, parchment documents and codes burned in the bishop's cathedral. At the beginning of the 14th century, the castle was burned down and destroyed by the troops of Matúš Čák Trenčianský, who issued an order to dismantle and disable all standing remains of buildings and fortifications. After this stage, the castle was gradually restored, the original fortifications from the 12th century were documented by new parts of the masonry, which is now visibly preserved.
The riots affected the castle in the 15th century, so further fortifications began. This continued into the 16th century, at a time of Turkish danger, when a Renaissance castle palace and a new inner castle gate were built. Reconstruction under Bishop John IV. Telegdy in the years 1622 - 1642 brought a radical reconstruction of the sacral complex. During the uprisings in the first half of the 17th century, the castle was the center of military operations. In 1663, it even fell into the hands of the Turks for a short time, and their presence was marked by the destroyed state of the cathedral. After the damage was removed, in the years 1673 - 1674 they rebuilt the entire defense system of the castle according to the requirements of modern fortifications.

Another large building and restoration activity took place in the castle only after the end of the uprising of František Rákóci in 1704, when Bishop Ladislav Adam Erdödy rebuilt the so-called upper church and built a new bishop's palace. Important artists were invited to Nitra to participate in the decoration of the church. After this reconstruction, the castle acquired its present form.

At the end of the Second World War on March 26, 1945, this place was bombed, the tower of the cathedral was destroyed, the area was hit by fire. During the communist era, in addition to the Diocese of Nitra, the Archaeological Institute of the Slovak Academy of Sciences was housed in the castle, and the individual buildings were used for office and storage purposes. The castle as an ancient episcopal seat still fulfills this purpose today, the Roman Catholic Church - the Diocese of Nitra is located here, its center is the Cathedral (Basilica) of St. Emeram and the Episcopal Palace, which is the residence of the bishop and the seat of the offices of the episcopal office.

Additional information

Transport: By foot, By bike, By car, By train, By bus
Parking: Free parking nearby

Accepted payments: Cash
Languages: Slovak

Suitable for: Childrens, Families with childrens, Elderly, Young, Adults
Season: Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter
Updated on: 10.6.2019
Source: Nitriansky hrad

Opening hours

Weather

january - march
monday - sunday:
07:00 - 17:00
Hradný areál
april - october
monday - sunday:
06:00 - 19:00
Hradný areál
november - december
monday - sunday:
07:00 - 17:00
Hradný areál
11°
Sun 11°
Mon
Tue 10°
Wed 16°
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Opening hours

Weather

january - march
monday - sunday:
07:00 - 17:00
Hradný areál
april - october
monday - sunday:
06:00 - 19:00
Hradný areál
november - december
monday - sunday:
07:00 - 17:00
Hradný areál
11°
Sun 11°
Mon
Tue 10°
Wed 16°


Contact

Phone: +421 910 842 991
Nitra castle
Nitriansky hrad
Námestie Jána Pavla II. 1012/7
949 01  Nitra
Region: Nitriansky
District: Nitra
Area: Ponitrie
 48.318387, 18.086805

Nitriansky hrad
Námestie Jána Pavla II. 1012/7
949 01  Nitra

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