At present, there is much commercial and drastic peat extraction worldwide. It is used as a fuel for horticulture, landscaping and afforestation. However, peatlands are internationally important habitats to which rare and unique species of plants and animals are attached. Their mining irreversibly destroys these localities, which significantly contributes to the extinction of these rare species. Peatlands are also a kind of carbon sink, which only slowly gets into the atmosphere in the form of CO2 and CH4. By extracting and using peat, we significantly accelerate this process, which results in the spread of the anthropogenic greenhouse effect.