Jews did not appear in Žilina until the middle of the 19th century. Until the middle of the 19th century, only 2 Jewish families could live in the city, because more Jews were not willing to accept the city. However, they could come to the store during the day, but they had to leave town for the night. The building of the former Orthodox synagogue, which is still used for spiritual purposes, houses a permanent exhibition of Judaica. The museum exposition has been open since 1996.